||A large number
of the inhabitants of Kurdistan live under conditions beneath
human dignity. Among them are women, children and youngsters.
The children are not integrated, for different reasons, into
a family structure. It is striking that many of the mothers
raise their children alone,as many of them have been widowed
or abandoned, many of the husbands have either become addicted
to drugs or are in prison (mostly for drug use).
the school should not cost anything, as required by law,
fees are charged times and again or things such as Paper
for the copiers are demanded, which is an additional financial
burden for these mothers.
There are various reasons for this misery:
In the course of the last decades, due
to political and military conflicts, natural catastrophes
and economic crisis there has been mass migration from rural
populations into the cities. Through this migration the
number of the unemployed rose in the cities drastically.
Large families were forced into temporary shelters which
were built mostly illegally, with no training, job prospects
or state assistance available.
Mass migration led to a shift in the
traditional standards and values that held the families
together. Combined with the difficult financial situation
this has caused further conflicts within the families. Having
lost the social security, connection and roots of village
life, it is only a question of time, that the family, often
a large family - falls apart.
Apart from the economic crisis and the
dissolution of traditional values there is also illness,
death or imprisonment of parents (e.g. because of forbidden
political activities or drug consumption etc.) A national
social security system in case of death or disablement does
not exist, except for state employees. Widowed or divorced
women with children are forced due to their poverty to abandon
and leave the children to their fate in the street. The
same fate threatens children of re-married women, if they
are not accepted by their stepfather. Physically or mentally
handicapped children of poor families are often sent for
begging in the streets. The separation from parents and
lack of shelter elsewhere arouses fears, aggression and
depression in the children. In street life the children
are exposed to violence, health dangers, drugs, cold weather,
abuse and exploitation. In the best case scenario they are
pitied by the society and worst case, they are despised